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Ancient Trees: The Baldcypress, Part 2

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Historically, old growth Baldcypress growing in the swamps, bottomlands, and along rivers of the Southeastern United States were commercially valuable. Individual trees were often huge, with straight, relatively unbranched trunks that could be cut into long, rot-resistant boards and shingles. 

By the nineteen twenties, nearly all  of the ancient giants had been logged out, and the unique ecology and species mix of their habitat also vanished. Fortunately, climatological conditions at the time were favorable for the germination and survival of a large group of seedlings. Many of today’s mature trees began their lives at that time. Baldcypress populations are considered relatively stable for now, even though overall southern forest loss has accelerated. Coastal populations of the species, in particular, are threatened by rising sea levels and increasing salinity in the wet places where they grow. Trees of all ages are harvested to be shredded and sold as landscaping mulch, although pr…

Ancient Trees: The Baldcypress

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The Baldcypress, Taxodium distichum, is an evocative symbol of southern lakes, river bottomlands, and swamps. These ancient members of the Cypress family occur as far north as Southern Illinois and Maryland and as far west as South-Central Texas. Baldcypresses, along with several related genera like the Redwood and Sequoia, were placed in their own family, the Taxodiaceae. Now, all are classified in the same family with a number of other conifer genera, such as true Cypress and Juniper. Surprisingly for such a well-known genus, it seems that its three members have hardly any genetic differences between them, and are either varieties of a single species or perhaps two. Baldcypress wood is extremely rot-resistant to water. Submerged trunks, lost during historical logging activities, are valuable, and often salvaged for milling.  I’ve seen the trunks of trees toppled during the terrible hurricanes of the nineteen twenties lying in shallow water in the Big Cypress Swamp. T…